What is Acne?
Acne is linked to over stimulated sebaceous glands, which produce sebum (oil). These glands are attached to the hair follicle. Acne occurs when excess sebum, skin cells from a hair follicle's lining, and skin proteins mix together. This causes blockage in the follicle so sebum cannot excrete freely to the surface of the skin. Clogged follicles create an ideal environment for common skin bacterium called Propionibacterium Acnes a.k.a.: P-acnes. This bacterium produces enzymes that irritate the skin's follicle causing pimples.
There has been so much confusion about determination what is acne. For instance these skin conditions are NOT:
Excoriation -habitual scratching, possibly healing with a scar, can penetrate to the dermis.
Pseudofolliculitis barbae - curly hair corkscrewing through the side of the hair follicle causing inflammation (ingrown hair).
Eczema - inflammation of the skin causing redness and scaling.
Rosacea - tiny micro-vessels i.e, capillaries, close to the surface of the skin become dilated, solid red inflammation without pus.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is linked to over stimulated sebaceous glands, which produce sebum (oil). These glands are attached to the hair follicle. Acne occurs when excess sebum, skin proteins mix together. This causes blockage in the follicle so sebum cannot excrete freely to the surface of the skin. Clogged follicles create an ideal environment for common skin bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes a.k.a. P- acnes. This bacteria produces enzymes that irritate the skin's follicle causing "pimples". Acne is the most common skin condition in America. Approximately 85% of all teenagers and 20-30% of adults combat acne sometime in their life.
There is no cure for acne. Although, with basic management you can aim to control and prevent much of this condition. Start with daily cleansing. Using a mild gentle soapless cleanser (Gentle Foaming Cleanser) will enable your skin to wash those excess impurities without harsh stripping to the skin. The two most effective ingredients to combat acne are:
Salicylic Acid - (Moisture Clear) prevents clogging in the follicles
Antioxidants are important for acne prone skin - these are ingredients that help repair the skin and increase the skin's tolerance.
Over the last decade many physicians have emphasized their research on the leading cause of acne.
They have determined that there are several key factors. The main factor was determined as the over production of Androgen hormones. These are abundant during the adolescent stages of life or puberty.
Physicians discovered that the exfoliation (shedding of dead cells) process occurs more frequently in younger skin. As we get older this process slow down, causing more blockage in the follicle. Other factors may contribute to acne such as:
Some pore clogging make-up
Spreading bacteria i.e "picking" or "over scrubbing"
Exposing oneself to pollutants
Can eating Chocolate cause Acne?
There is no formal documentation that certain foods can contribute to inflammation and irritation. Although, having a well balanced diet plays a important role in overall health of your boday and your skin.
I'm not a teenager, why am I still having acne breakouts?
Believe it or not but acne effects 30% of adults. There are many contributing factors: stress, hereditary, and medication. Check out ClearChoice ® Acne Kit to get a complete regiment to control your breakouts.
What can I do at home to control my acne breakouts?
Use Clear Balance, 2% Salicylic Acid toner pads; and Moisture Clear a gel moisturizer that contains 2% Salicylic Acid, this effective ingredient prevent blockage in the hair follicle. At night apply BP8% to kill unwanted bacteria--- this prevents the spreading of more acne. It is extremely important to use protection during the day. Using Sun Shield Plus a SPF 30 on a daily regime will help to heal acne lesions and give the sun protection you need.